This article departs from the definition of autonomous vehicle (AV) and goes on to consider policy implications related to this technological evolution. AV diffusion over time will be influenced by citizens’ travel behaviors. If AVs are trusted and deployed successfully, in addition to promising positive impacts, a n increase in congestion is expected.
Transport policy will play an important role in controlling AV circulation and diffusion over time. In this sense, taxation on the purchase or circulation of AVs and optimized road network design with intelligent traffic control are two options likely to happen in the future, though they carry distinct problems that must be carefully managed. This article discusses the expected implications of both of these options.
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