The application of battery power systems has increased in the marine and offshore industry. Most uses are targeted toward reducing the fuel consumption or wholly electrifying the surface vessel. The types of ships that used battery power systems are reviewed, and the design and challenges of using lithium-ion batteries are discussed. The trend of customizing the battery power system in containerized form is explored in this article. The use of a lithium battery onboard the vessel needs to follow certain standards from an international accredited classification society, such as the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), which are briefly discussed.
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